亚博APP

English
中国农科院微信公众号
农科专家在线微信公众号
MENU
当前位置: 亚博APP» 亚博APP» 要  闻

2020NIANDUSHENZHENSHIKEJIJIANGSHIZHANGJIANGHUODEZHEHUANGSANWEN:RANGKEJICHENGGUOZHENZHENGZAOFUSHIMIN

【字体:

  “NONGYEXUYAOSHENZHEN,SHENZHENYEXUYAONONGYE。” 1YUE6RI,ZAISHENZHENHUITANGLINGJIANGTAISHANG,2020NIANDUSHENZHENSHIKEJIJIANGSHIZHANGJIANGHUODEZHE、ZHONGGUONONGYEKEXUEYUANSHENZHENNONGYEJIYINZUYANJIUSUOSUOZHANGHUANGSANWENYANJIUYUANBIAOSHI,FEICHANGRONGXINGHUODESHIZHANGJIANGZHEIFENZHONGYAODERONGYU,ZHEIGEJIANGXIANGBUJINSHUYUTAGERENHEJIYINZUSUO,GENGSHUYUMEIGEZAISHENZHENNONGYESHIPINKEJICHANYELINGYUMOMOGENGYUNDEGONGZUOZHE。WEILAI,JIANGJIAKUAIJIANSHESHENZHENGUOJISHIPINGU,DAZAOQUANQIUXINGDESHIPINKEJICHUANGXINZHONGXIN,WEISHENZHENCHUANGZAOQIANYICHANZHIDECHANYE,BAOZHANGSHENZHENMINZHONGMEIHAOSHENGHUODESHIPINYINGYANGHEANQUANXUQIU。

  HUANGSANWENSHUO,2014NIAN,TAHUAICHUAIMENGXIANGLAIDAOSHENZHENCHOUJIANZHONGGUONONGYEKEXUEYUANSHENZHENNONGYEJIYINZUYANJIUSUO,DANGSHIYOUHENDUORENWENTA,SHENZHENMEIYOUNONGCUN、MEIYOUNONGMIN,NONGYEJICHUFEICHANGBORUO,WEISHENMEYAOLAISHENZHENZUONONGYEKEYAN?HUANGSANWENHUIDASHUO,DANGSHIXUANZESHENZHEN,SHIYINWEIZHEILIBAORONGXINGHAO,NIANQINGYOUHUOLI,KEYANHUANJINGFEICHANGHAO,DUIKEXUEJIAMEISHENMESHUFU,YOULIYUYUANSHICHUANGXIN,YOULIYUCHANYEZHUANHUA,ZHIYAOYOUZHENBENSHI,JIUYOUFAZHANDEWUTAI。YUSHITAMENZAISHESHITIAOJIANHAIMEIYOUWANSHANDEQINGKUANGXIA,ZAILAOJIUCHANGFANGZHONGGAIZAOCHUSHIYANSHI,YIBIANGAOJIANSHE,YIBIANGAOKEYAN。

  JINGGUO6NIANDEFENDOU,JIYINZUSUOCONGZUICHUDE3GERENFAZHANDAOJINTIANDE530DUOREN,ZAI2020NIANDEZIRANZHISHUZHONGWEIJUQUANGUONONGYEKEYANYUANSUODIYIMING(JINRUGAIZIRANZHISHUPAIMINGDEQUANGUONONGYEKEYANYUANSUOGONGYOU39JIA)。HUANGSANWENDAILINGTUANDUICONGSHENZHENQIBU,NULIQIANGZHANNONGYEKEJIQIANYANGAODI,SHIXIANDUOXIANG“CONG0DAO1”DETUPO,DIANDINGLESHENZHENZAIGUOJINONGYEJIYINZUXUEYANJIUDELINGXIANDIWEI。

  HUANGSANWENSHUO,ZAISHENZHENJINGJITEQUJIANLI40ZHOUNIAN、SHENZHENJIANSHEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXIANXINGSHIFANQUDEZHONGYAOLISHIJIEDIAN,“WEISHENMEYAOZAISHENZHENZUONONGYEKEYAN?”ZHEIGEWENTIYEYOULEJINYIBUDEDAAN。NEIJIUSHI“NONGYEXUYAOSHENZHEN,SHENZHENXUYAONONGYE”。

  SHOUXIAN,NONGYEXUYAOSHENZHEN。HUANGSANWENBIAOSHI,DANGDESHIJIUJIEWUZHONGQUANHUIZHICHU,BAKEJIZILIZIQIANGZUOWEIGUOJIAFAZHANDEZHANLVEZHICHENG。DANGQIAN,WOGUOMIANLINDEWAIBUFENGXIANTIAOZHANHEBUQUEDINGYINSUMINGXIANZENGDUO,ZAIZHONGYE、LIANGSHI、SHIPINZHILIANGANQUAN、NONGYELVSEFAZHANDENGFANGMIANCUNZAIHENDUOKABOZIWENTI,BIRU,WOGUORENDUODISHAO,MEINIANYAOJINKOUCHAOGUO1YIDUNDADOUHEYUMICAINENGMANZUXUQIU,RUGUOZIJILAIZHONGZHI,ANZHAOMUQIANDEZHONGZHISHUIPING,XUYAO10YIMUDI,XIANGDANGYUYONGDIAOWOGUOJINYIBANDEGENGDIMIANJI。SHOULAOGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUANDIXIAN,QUEBAOFANWANLAOLAODUANZAIZIJISHOUSHANG,JIXUNONGYEKEJIDEZILIZIQIANG。

  SHENZHENJUYOUCHUANGXINJIYIN,YOUJINGGUOGAIGEKAIFANGDEXILI,YIHUIJUBINGPEIYANGLEYIDAPIGANCHUANGGANPINDEGAOCENGCIRENCAI,CHENGXIANCHUKEJICHANYEZIBENQUANCHANYELIANYOUJIRONGHEDEXINMIANMAO,CHUANGXINHUOLIQIANGJING,WEISHIXIANNONGYEKEJIZILIZIQIANGTIGONGLETIANSHIDILIRENHEDEZUIJIAHUANJING。GENJUMEIGUOKEXUEYUANYUCEDE2030NIANNONGYESHIPINXINGYEZHANWANGZHONG,XIANDAISHENGWUJISHU、XINYIDAIXINXIJISHU、XIANJINZHIZAOJISHU、WULIUJISHUDENGJIANGHUIDAIDONGZHENGGENONGYESHIPINLINGYUDETISHENG。ERSHENZHENQIAQIAJIUZAIYUNYONGBINGQIERONGHEZHEIXIEXIANJINJISHUSHANGJUYOUMINGXIANDEYOUSHI,TONGSHISHENZHENDUIGAOPINZHISHIPINDEJUDAXUQIU、DETIANDUHOUDEJINRONGSHILI、CHUANGXINFENWEIHEXINXIJISHUYANFAJICHU,RANGSHENZHENYOUDONGLIYEYOUNENGLIQUTUIDONGZHEICHANGNONGYESHIPINCHANYEDEGEMINGXINGGAIBIAN。TAMENFAQIDE“YOUSHUJIHUA”,JIUSHIYONGKEJICHUANGXINGAIBIANNONGYESHIPINCHANYEDEZHONGYAOXINGDONG。

  HUANGSANWENBIAOSHI,CHUANTONGDEMALINGSHUZHONGZHIFANGSHISHIJIANGZUOZHONGYONGDEMALINGSHUQIEKUAIMAIRUTUNEIJINXINGWUXINGFANZHI,“YOUSHUJIHUA”ZESHIYONGZAJIAOZHONGZIBOZHONGTIDAISHUKUAIFANZHI,CONGYUANBENMEIMUDIXUYAO200GONGJINZHONGYONGMALINGSHU,BIANCHENGXIANZAIZHIXUYAO2KEZHONGZI,ZHEIYANGYIFANGMIANKEFULECHUANTONGSHENGCHANFANGSHICUNZAIDEFANZHIXISHUDI、CHUYUNCHENGBENGAO、YIXIEDAIBINGCHONGHAIDENGQUEXIAN,BOZHONGXIAOGUODADATIGAO;LINGYIFANGMIANWOGUONANFANGDEDONGXIANTIAN,ZHONGWANSHUIDAOHOU,HAINENGZAIZHONGYIJIMALINGSHU,TUDIZIYUANDEDAOCHONGFENLIYONG。YOUSHUJIHUAZAIWOGUONANFANGYUJIYOU2YIMUDEZHONGZHIQIANLI,SUOHUODEDECHANNENGXIANGDANGYU3YIMUYUMIJIA3YIMUDADOU,KESIYANG4YITOUZHU,JIDATIANBUWOGUOJINKOULIANGSHIDEQUEKOU。YUANLONGPINGYUANSHIGAODUPINGJIAYOUSHUJIHUA,RENWEISHIDIANFUXINGCHUANGXIN。KEYIYUJIAN,SHENZHENJIANGDAILAIMALINGSHUDELVSEGEMING,WEIGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUANZUOCHUZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。

  QICI,SHENZHENXUYAONONGYE。HUANGSANWENBIAOSHI,RENLEIDUIJIANKANGDEGAOXUQIU、GAOGUANZHU、GAOPOQIEDU,RANGNONGYESHIPINCHANYECHENGWEILEQUANQIUJINGJIZHONGWEIYI“BUSUOSHUI”DEXINGYE,BEIGUOJIJINGJIXUEJIEQUEDINGWEI“WUXIANGUANGKUODEZHAOYICHANYE”。JINQI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAIKEXUEJIAZUOTANHUISHANG,ZHICHUJIANG“MIANXIANGRENMINSHENGMINGJIANKANG”LIERUKEJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOSHIMING。SHENZHENZUOWEIYIGE2000WANRENKOUDEDAXINGCHENGSHI,MEINIANNONGYABOAPPHESHIPINXIAOFEILIANGJUDA,95%YISHANGDENONGYABOAPPHESHIPINYILAIDUIWAICAIGOU,POQIEXUYAONONGYEHESHIPINLINGYUDEKEJICHUANGXINHEZHIDUCHUANGXIN,WEISHENZHENNONGYESHIPINANQUANGONGJIGOUJIANKEKAODEBAOZHANGTIXI。

  “WOMENBUJINYAOZAINONGYEKEYANSHANGYONGLICHAOTOU,GENGYAOBANONGYEKEYANYANSHENDAOSHIPINKEYANLINGYU,RANGKEJICHENGGUOZHENZHENGZAOFUSHIMIN,YOUGENGDUODEHUODEGAN。”HUANGSANWENBIAOSHI,RUHEZAISHENZHENFAZHANNONGYESHIPINCHANYE,CHULEJIXULIYONGSHENZHENDEZHENGCEXIYINYOUXIUDERENCAICONGSHINONGYESHIPINKEYAN,ZUIZHONGYAODESHIYAOJIEJUENONGYE、SHIPINKEYANYUCHANYELIANGZHANGPIDEWENTI。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIQIANGDIAO“WEIRAOCHANYELIANBUSHUCHUANGXINLIAN、WEIRAOCHUANGXINLIANBUJUCHANYELIAN”。XIAYIBU,TAMENJIANGYIJIYINZUXUE、HECHENGSHENGWUXUEDENGQIANYANXUEKEWEIJICHU,YISHUZIHUAXINXIJISHUFUNENG,YIJINRONGZIBENZHULI,JIAKUAIJIANSHESHENZHENGUOJISHIPINGU,DAZAOQUANQIUXINGDESHIPINKEJICHUANGXINZHONGXIN,WEISHENZHENCHUANGZAOQIANYICHANZHIDECHANYE,BAOZHANGSHENZHENMINZHONGMEIHAOSHENGHUODESHIPINYINGYANGHEANQUANXUQIU。

  HUANGSANWENZUIHOUSHUO:“NONGYESHIPINCHANYESHIGENBENYESHIWEILAI,SHENZHENBIXUXIANXING,WOMENYIZHIZAILUSHANG。ZAICIGANXIESHIWEISHIZHENGFU,GANXIEZHEIZUOCHENGSHI。”

(单位:中国农业科学院深圳农业基因组研究所 )
TOP