亚博APP

English
中国农科院微信公众号
农科专家在线微信公众号
MENU
当前位置: 亚博APP» 亚博APP» 要  闻

【SHISANWUXUNLI】ZHONGGUONONGKEYUANKEJIZHICHENGWENCHANBAOGONGXILIEZHISHIYI:SHUCAIPIAN

【字体:

  “FANCAOCAIKESHIZHETONGMINGYUESHU,CAOMUZHIKERUZHEWEIZHIWEICAI”,SHUCAISHIRENLEILAIYISHENGCUNHEFAZHANDEJIBENSHIPIN。WOGUOSHISHIJIESHANGZUIDADESHUCAISHENGCHANGUOHEXIAOFEIGUO,SHUCAICHANYESHIWOGUONONGYENONGCUNJINGJIDEZHIZHUCHANYE,ZAITUOPINGONGJIAN、XIANGCUNZHENXINGHENONGCUNFAZHANFANGMIANFAHUIZHEJUZUQINGZHONGDEZUOYONG。

  2019NIANWOGUOSHUCAIBOZHONGMIANJIWEI2087WANGONGQING,ZONGCHANLIANGWEI7.21YIDUN,DANCHANWEI34.5DUN/GONGQING,ZONGCHANZHITUPO2WANYIYUAN。YU2015NIANXIANGBI,BOZHONGMIANJIZENGZHANGLE126WANGONGQING,ZENGZHANG6.4%,ZONGCHANLIANGZENGZHANGLE0.55YIDUN,ZENGZHANG8.6%,DANCHANZENGZHANG1.8%。“SHISANWU”QIJIAN,SHUCAIZHONGZHIBUJUGENGJIAYOUHUA,LENGLIANGSHUCAISHENGCHANJIAKUAIFAZHAN,XIAQIUJISHUCAIGONGYINGZENGZHANG,SHIXIANQUANNIANWUDANJIGONGYING。ZHONGZHIJIXIEHUACHENGDUBUDUANSHANGSHENG,YOU“SHIERWU”QIJIANDE20%TIGAODAO25%,TONGSHIZHINENGHUA、ZIDONGHUACHENGDUBUDUANTISHENG。WOGUOSHUCAIJINKOULIANGNIANPINGJUN37.2WANDUN,JINKOUENIANPINGJUN7.2YIMEIYUAN,SHUCAICHUKOULIANGNIANPINGJUN1098.3WANDUN,CHUKOUENIANPINGJUN152.4YIYUAN,MAOYISHUNCHA145.2YIMEIYUAN,BI“SHIERWU”ZENGZHANGLEJIN50%。TONGSHI,WOGUOZHONGZIDEJINKOULIANGZHUNIANXIAJIANG,ZIZHUPINZHONGDEFUGAILVTISHENGZHI87%,BAICAI、FANQIE、LUOBUDENGZIZHUPINZHONGZHANYOULVBUDUANSHANGSHENG。

  

  ZHONGGUONONGYEKEXUEYUAN“SHISANWU”QIJIANGONGSHENDINGDENGJISHUCAIXINPINZHONG100YUGE,YINLINGLESHUCAIYUZHONGDEXINFANGXIANG,CUJINLEWOGUOSHUCAIPINZHONGDEGENGXINHUANDAI。QIZHONG,PEIYUCHU5GEKANGKUWEIBINGZAOSHUYOUZHIGANLANXINPINZHONG,ZAIJINGJINJI、NEIMENGDENGDILEIJITUIGUANGYINGYONG106.6WANMU,XINPINZHONGFUGAILVDA37.5%,BINGFUSHEDAOGANSU、SHANXIDENGDIQU,XIANZHUJIANSHAOLEKUWEIBINGDEWEIHAIJIHUAXUENONGYAOYONGLIANG。YUCHENGYOUZHIDUOKANGHUANGGUAXINPINZHONG8GE,XINZENGZHIJIEJINGJIXIAOYI91.61YIYUAN。QIZHONGDAPENGHUANGGUA“ZHONGNONG16HAO”,MEIGONGJINDANJIABIQITAPINZHONGGAO0.4YUAN-0.6YUAN。WENSHIHUANGGUA“ZHONGNONG26HAO”,TUPOLEWENSHIHUANGGUAZONGHEKANGBINGXINGHEPINZHICHADEPINGJING,BIYUANZHUZAIPINZHONGZENGCHAN24.6%。“ZHONGNONG26HAO”SHIBEIJING、LIAONING、TIANJINDENGSHENGSHIWENSHIZHONGZHIMIANJIZUIDADEPINZHONG,YUEZHANZAIPEIMIANJIDE50%YISHANG,ZHANLIAOXIHELIAONANDIQUSHESHIZAIPEIHUANGGUAZONGMIANJIDE80%YISHANG。MEIMUNIANXIAOYIKEDA10WANYUAN。YUCHENGKANGBING、YOUZHI,FENGCHAN、NAICHU9GEZHONGBAIXILIEDABAICAIXINPINZHONG,QIZHONGJUHONGXINHEBAOJIANPINZHONGLINGXIANGUONEISHICHANG,ZENGJIALESHUCAISHICHANGGONGYINGDEHUASE,TIGAOLEPINZHI,9GEZHONGBAIXILIEPINZHONGLEIJITUIGUANG375WANMU,JINGJIXIAOYI22.5YIYUAN。YUCHENGHONGZAHEIVFXILIEYOULIANGFANQIEXINPINZHONG21GE,LEIJIJINGJIXIAOYI40.03YIYUAN,CHUKOUCHUANGSHOU12.79YIMEIYUAN。QIZHONGXINPINZHONG“IVF1678”,KEYANZHANGJIAGONGQI8-10TIAN,YOUXIAOHUANJIELEJIAOLIAOGAOFENGQI。XINPINZHONG“IVF3302”,FENGCHAN、YOUZHI、NAIZHUYUN,YICHENGWEIWOGUOJIAGONGFANQIEZHUZAIPINZHONG,ZHANZHONGZAOSHUSHICHANG40%YISHANG。YUCHENGGUONEISHOUPIKANGXINXINGLIUXINGBINGHAILAJIAOQINGBANBOBINGDUBING(PMMoV)HEFANQIEBANWEIBINGDUBING(TSWV),QIEDUOKANG、YOUZHIDEXINYIDAITIAN(LA)JIAOXILIEXINPINZHONG6GE,TIANBULEWOGUOKANGPMMoVHEKANGTSWVDETIAN(LA)PINZHONGKONGBAI,GONGKELEYOUZHIHEKANGBINGJIYINNANYIJUHEDENANTI。“ZHONGJIAO105”ZHANGUANGDONGHAINANDENGNANCAIBEIYUNTIANJIAO80%,“ZHONGJIAO106”ZHANHUAZHONGGAOSHANSHUCAIWEILAJIAO70%,“ZHONGJIAO107”ZHANHUABEIDIQUZAOSHUSHESHITIANJIAOZAIPEI60%。JIEZHI2019NIAN,ZAIQUANGUOLEIJITUIGUANGXINYIDAITIANJIAOXILIEXINPINZHONG475WANMU,CHUANGZAOXINZENGJINGJIJIAZHI17.77YIYUAN,PINGJUNMEINIANNENGWEISHEHUIZENGJIA2.96YIYUANDEJINGJIXIAOYI。

  

  在蔬菜基础研究方面,蔬菜花卉所主导绘制了多类蔬菜作物基因组框架图和全基因组遗传变异图谱,揭示了蔬菜、果树等重要园艺作物农艺性状的遗传机理,建立了基于全基因组选择的高效分子育种技术体系。阐明黄瓜性别决定、果实长短和苦味形成的分子机制;解析了番茄果实硬度的和番茄开花调控的分子机制;阐明了芸薹属蔬菜叶球与根/茎膨大的作用机制。同时,通过研究蔬菜重要病虫害功能基因组学、致病和灾变机理、蔬菜抗病虫基因资源挖掘利用,解析了病原菌和主要害虫的抗药性调控机制,研究结果为发展新的病虫害绿色防控技术、制定有效的综合治理策略奠定了理论基础。系列原创成果在 Nature Genetics,Plant  Cell, Nature Plant,PANS 等国际顶级期刊上发表高水平论文25篇。实现了我国蔬菜基因组学研究由跟跑、并跑到领跑的跨越,推动我国蔬菜基础生物学和植物次生代谢调控机制研究领域进入国际先进行列。

  “SHISANWU”QIJIAN,ZHONGGUONONGKEYUANBUSHUQUANYUANLILIANGWEIRAOSHUCAIQUANCHANYELIANKAIZHANLELVSEFAZHANJISHUJICHENGMOSHICHUANGXINGONGGUAN,GOUJIANSHIHEWOGUOBUTONGDIQUDESHUCAILVSEFAZHANJISHU,YINLINGWOGUOSHUCAICHANYELVSEFAZHANFANGXIANG,TUIDONGSHUCAIHUAHUICHANYEGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN。KAITUOXINGDICHUANGZHILEYI“RISHAIGAOWENFUMO”WEIHEXIN,YI“SHIYOUJI”HE“HEISEZHANBAN”DENGWEIPEITAODEJIUQULVSEFANGKONGJISHUTIXI,ZAIWANQUANBUYONGYAOJIQINGKUANGXIAFANGXIAODADAO100%,CHEDIGONGKELEJIUQUWEIHAIYU“DUJIUCAI”WANJI。SHISHIFANQUJIUCAIYABOAPPHEGELVCONG30%TIGAODAO97%。YINGYONGGONGCHENGXUE、SHENGWUXUEYUANLI,CHUANGZHILEWEISHENG、XINGZHUANGWENDING、QINGXINGYUMIAOJIZHIWANQUANTIDAITURANGYUMIAOJISHU,DUOKONGLIANTISHIYUMIAOXUEPANYUBOZHONGJIXIANGHUPEITAODESHUCAIQUANZIDONGJINGLIANGBOZHONGJISHU,GAOMIDUXUEPANYUMIAOTIAOJIANXIAYUSHUCAIYOUMIAOFAYUSHIDUANXIANGPIPEIDEZHUANGMIAOYUCHENGGAOXIAODIAOKONGJISHU,JIANLI“JIEYUE、JIYUE、JIZHONG”WEIXIANZHUTEZHENGDEZHONGGUOSHUCAIJIYUEHUAYUMIAOJISHUTIXI。SHOUCIGOUJIANLEFEIGENGDIWENSHIDIYADIGUANXITONGGUANJIANJIESHUIJISHU、WENSHIZHINENGGUANGAIKONGZHIGUANLIXITONGHESHIYUBUTONGSHENGTAIFEIGENGDITEDIANDEGAOXIAOZHONGZHIMOSHI。ZAIXIBEIGEBI、SHAMOHEYANHAISHAHUANGDIDENGDISHIFANTUIGUANG,SHICHAOGUO10WANHUPINKUNNONGMIN、30WANNONGCUNRENKOUYINLIYONGFEIGENGDIZHONGZHISHESHIYUANYIZUOWUERTUOPIN,ZAISHENGTAIZHILIDETONGSHISHIXIANLENONGMINZENGSHOU。

  “GUBUSHUWEIJI,SHUBUSHUWEIJIN,GUOBUSHUWEIHUANG”。SHUCAIKEJIZAIGUOMINJINGJIZHONGDEGONGNENGHEDIWEIBUKETIDAI,WEILAIBIJIANGYOUGENGDUOYOUZHI、JIANKANG、MEIWEIDESHUCAIMANZURENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANG。

TOP