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ZHULIZHI:NONGYESHENGTAIZHUANXINGYUXIANDAISHENGTAINONGYEDEFAZHANSILU

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  GAOXIAOSHENGTAISHIJIYUEHUAJINGYINGYUSHENGTAIHUASHENGCHANDEYOUJIOUHE,SHIYIKEXUEFAZHANGUANWEITONGLINGDEXINXINGNONGYEXIANDAIHUAFANGXIANG。WOGUONONGYEDANGWUZHIJI,BIXUQUANMIANSHIXINGSHENGTAIZHUANXING。DANSHI,ZHEIBINGBUSHIYAOZOUCHUANTONGSHENGTAINONGYEDELAOLU,JINJINZHUZHONGSHENGTAI,ERSHIYAOZOUXIANDAISHENGTAINONGYE“ZHI”YU“LIANG”JIANGUDEGAOXIAOSHENGTAIDAOLU。ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,CAINENGZHENZHENGTUIJINWOGUONONGYEXIANDAIHUA。

  NONGYEFAZHANZHONGDEXIALIEWENTIBUNENGHUIBI

  YISHIZIYUANWENTI。CONGGENGDIZIYUANLAIKAN,YOUYUCHANGGUIFAZHANMOSHIBUZHUZHONGSHENGTAIFANGSHIPEIFEITURANG,DAOZHIGENGDIFEILITUIHUAYANZHONG,PUBIANCUNZAIYOUJIZHIHANLIANGJIANSHAO、TUANLIJIEGOUTUIHUA,YIZHIGENGZUOCENGBIANBO、BANJIE,JIASHANGSHUITULIUSHIHESHAHUA,GENGDIZHILIANGDAFUDUXIAJIANG。CONGSHENGWUZIYUANLAIKAN,YOUYUBUZHUZHONGLIYONGDANGDITEYOUSHENGWUPINZHONG,JIASHANGWURANWUHEWAILAIYOUHAISHENGWUDEYINGXIANG,NONGYESHANGYOULIANGSHENGWUZIYUANDEQIANLIMEIYOUDEDAOYINGYOUDEFAHUI,ERQIEYOUSHIYEZHUJIANSANGSHI。CONGSHUIZIYUANLAIKAN,DANYINONGZUOWUZHONGZHIBUNENGXINGCHENGDUOWEISHENGTAIDESHUIZIYUANGAOXIAOLIYONGMOSHI,JIASHANGNONGYONGSHUIZIYUANSHESHIGONGCHENGHEGUANLISHANGDEBUZUYIJISHUITIWURAN,ZAOCHENGLESHUIZIYUANDEGUODULANGFEIHEKEYONGLIANGXIANZHUJIANSHAO,YIZHINONGYEYONGSHUIQUEKOUYUELAIYUEDA。

  ERSHIHUANJINGWENTI。YOUYUDALIANGSHIYONGHUAXUETOURUPIN,WOGUOMEIMUGENGDIHUAFEIHEHUAXUENONGYAOSHIYONGLIANGGUOGAO。GUODUDEHUAXUETOURUPINPOHUAILECHANDIHUANJING,ZAOCHENGLESHUITUQISHENGLITIWURAN。SHUITIFANGMIAN,DIBIAOSHUI、DIXIASHUIYIDINGCHENGDUBEIWURAN;TURANGFANGMIAN,GENGZUOCENG、LIDICENGDOUYIDINGCHENGDUBEIWURAN;QITIFANGMIAN,BUJINXINGCHENGYOUDUQITI,ERQIEXINGCHENGXUEJIANTANHUIERZENGJIADEWENSHIQITI;SHENGWUFANGMIAN,DISHANGBUFENDEZUOWUTIJIQIGUOSHIHEDIXIADEYOUYIWEISHENGWUQUNLUOYIJIYOUYIXIAODONGWUQUNTIYESHOUDAOYIDINGCHENGDUWURAN。CIWAI,YOUYUBUZHONGSHINONGYEYOUJISHENGYUWUDEXUNHUANZENGZHILIYONG,CHUQINFENHEJIEGANBUHELICHUZHIDENGZAOCHENGDEWURANYERIQUYANZHONG,XINGCHENGLENONGYESHANGBUGAIYOUDEWURANYUAN。NONGYEWURANBEIHOUSHIFUZADELITIJIAOCHAWURANLIAN,BUDUANXUNHUANFUJI,YIDANXINGCHENGHENNANZHILI。

  SANSHISHENGTAIWENTI。NONGYABOAPPCHANDISHENGTAIDEPOHUAICHULESHOUDAOSHANGMIANWENTIDEFUMIANYINGXIANGWAI,HAIYUDAGUIMODANYIZHONGZHIMOSHIHEQINGSHINONGTIANLINWANGJIANSHEYOUGUAN。DAGUIMODANYIZHONGZHIMOSHIJIANSHAOLENONGTIANSHENGWUDUOYANGXING,XUERUOLENONGYESHENGTAIXITONGDEWENDINGXING,TONGSHIHAISHIDESHENGWUQUNLUOZHIJIANDEXIANGSHENGXIANGKEGONGNENGBUNENGDEDAOYINGYOUDEFAHUI,ZENGJIALEBINGCHONGHAIDEFASHENGLV,YINCINONGYAODESHIYONGLIANGBIRANZENGJIA。CIWAI,QUESHAOLUNZUOTAOZHONGDEDANYIZHONGZHIHAIJIAJULETURANGFEILIDEXIAJIANG,YIZHIZHINENGKAOJIADAHUAXUEFEILIAOSHIYONGLIANGLAIWEICHICHANLIANG。DANGRAN,CHUANTONGDELUNZUOTAOZHONGHUIJIJIXIEHUACAOZUODAILAIKUNNAN,DANKEYITONGGUOYIDINGKUANDUDEDAIZHUANGZHONGZHIYUYIBIANTONGJIEJUE。

  

  CHANGGUINONGYEJIXUSHENGTAIZHUANXING

  JIANYUSHANGMIANCHENSHUDEZHUDUOBIDUAN,JINHOUWOGUONONGYEDEFAZHANBIXUYISHENGTAIZHUANXINGWEIZHUGONGFANGXIANG,QIANGDIAOKECHIXUFAZHAN,GOUJIANGAOXIAOSHENGTAIDEXIANDAISHENGTAINONGYEFAZHANMOSHI。YAOZAIJIAQIANGNONGYESHENGTAIXITONGZHILIHEHUIFUDETONGSHI,TONGGUOSHENHUACHANYEJIEGOUDIAOZHENG、TUIJINSHENGTAIKEJICHUANGXIN,ZHELITIGAOZIYUAN、HUANJING、SHENGTAIDENGZIRANBINGFUDELIYONGXIAOLV。YAOBACHIZIRANBINGFUDEKAIFALIYONGYUXIUYANGSHENGXIDEDONGTAIPINGHENG,JIANCHISHENGTAICHANYEHUA、CHANYESHENGTAIHUA,BINGZAIFAZHANZHONGBAOHU、ZAIBAOHUZHONGFAZHAN。

  NONGYESHENGTAIZHUANXINGBIXUJIANGULIANGGEMUBIAO,JIZAIBAOZHANGNONGYABOAPPGONGJIDETONGSHIZHUZHONGBAOHUNONGYEZIYUAN、HUANJINGYUSHENGTAI,ZHEILIANGGEMUBIAOYAOTONGSHIJIANGU,BIXUDUOFANGMIANTONGCHOUMOUHUA。

  SHOUXIAN,YAOGENJUQUYUZIRANTIAOJIANHEZIYUAN、HUANJINGYUSHENGTAIBINGFU,LINGHUOXUANZENONGYEZHONGYANGJIEGOU,GOUCHENGFUHESHENGTAIXITONGMOSHI,YILIYUWUZHIHENENGLIANGDEDUOCENGCILIYONG,TIGAOKONGJIANHEGUANGNENGLIYONGLV,ZENGJIASHENGWUZHICHANLIANG。FUHESHENGTAIXITONGZHONGDEWUZHONGDUOYANGXINGKETIGAOWUZHIXUNHUANHENENGLIANGZHUANHUADEXIAOLV,CONGERCHONGFENLIYONGYOUJISHENGYUWU,ZENGJIAYANGZHIYEDESILIAOHEZHONGZHIYEDEFEILIAOLAIYUAN,JIANSHAOHUAXUEFEILIAODESHIYONG;KEWEIYOUHAISHENGWUFANGKONGTIGONGTIANRANTIAOJIAN,CONGERJIANSHAOHUAXUEYAOJIDESHIYONGLIANG。

  QICI,NONGYESHIHANGAINONG、LIN、MU、YUDENGZHONGYANGYEZAINEIDEZONGHEJINGYINGTIXI, YAOZHUZHONGFAHUINONGYEXITONGDEZHENGTIGONGNENG,ZHEISHISHIXIANZONGHEXIAOYIZUIDAHUADEZHONGYAOQIANTI。YINCI,YAOGENJUDANGDIDEJUTIQINGKUANGJINXINGHESHIDEZHONGYANGYEYUDASHENGTAIXITONGDEOUHEDAPEI,MIAOZHUNZUIGAODEZHENGTICHANCHUSHUIPING。SHENGTAIZHUANXINGDEMUBIAOSHISHIXIANXIANDAISHENGTAINONGYE,YUCHUANTONGSHENGTAINONGYESHIBUTONGDE,QIANGDIAODESHISHIDUGUIMOHUADEZHONGYANGYEZUHE,NENGGOUCHONGFENFAHUIZHENGTINONGYESHENGTAIGONGNENG,YISHIXIANZUIJIADECHANCHUXIAOYI。

  

  DISAN,ZIYUAN、HUANJING、SHENGTAIDENGZIRANBINGFUZHILIANGDIXIASHIDANGQIANNONGYEDEPUBIANWENTI,SHENGTAIZHUANXINGYAOQIUZHENGGENONGYESHENGCHANXITONGBIXUJUBEIHENQIANGDEZIJINGNENGLI,CONGERZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGJIANQINGSHENGCHANHUODONGDUIZIRANBINGFUDEGANRAO。TONGSHI,ZHUZHONGYONGSHENGTAIDEFANGFAHUIFUHETIGAOZIRANBINGFUDEZHILIANG,JIANSHAOHUAFEIHENONGYAODEYONGLIANG,YOUXIAOKONGZHIZIYUANPOHUAI、HUANJINGWURAN、SHENGTAISHUAITUI,SHINONGYEYUNONGCUNZIRANXITONGCHIXUDEDAOGAISHAN,ZENGQIANGFAZHANHOUJING。LIRU,FAZHANZHONGGUOTESEDEXIANDAISHENGTAINONGYEDIANXINGMOSHI“ZHONGYINONGYE”,YONGZHONGCAOYAOZHIJITOURUPINJIANSHAOHUAXUENONGYAO、HUAXUEFEILIAO、HUAXUESILIAOTIANJIAJIYIJIGEZHONGKANGSHENGSU、JISUDEBULIYINGXIANG,CUJINDONGZHIWUJIANKANGSHENGZHANG、SHISHIBINGCHONGHAILVSEFANGKONG。

  JIANLIXIANDAISHENGTAINONGYEDEBAOZHANGTIXI

  XITONGHUADEZHENGCEFAGUI。GAOXIAOSHENGTAINONGYEJUYOUJIAODADEZHENGWAIBUXINGXIAOYI,TONGSHIYECHENGSHOUZHEJIAODADEJIHUICHENGBEN,YINGSHISHIFUCHIZHENGCE,JIANLIJILIJIZHI,YINDAOJINGYINGZHEDEXINGWEI。CIWAI,HAIYAOTONGGUOXIANGYINGDEFAGUITIXIJIANLIXIANGYINGDEYUESHUJIZHI,GUIFANJINGYINGZHEXINGWEI。YINCI,YIFANGMIANYAOJIADAZIYUANBAOHU、HUANJINGZHILIHESHENGTAIHUIFUDETOURU,LINGYIFANGMIANYAOJIANQUANFALVFAGUIHEPEITAODEBIAOZHUNTIXI,TIGAONONGYEZIYUAN、HUANJINGHESHENGTAIFANGMIANDEWEIFAXINGWEICHUFALIDU。YAOYIJUZIRANBINGFUDESHICHANGGONGQIUHEXIQUECHENGDU、SUNHAICHENGBENHEXIUFUXIAOYI,JIANLISHENGTAIBUCHANGJIZHI,GULISHEHUIGEFANGCANYU,YUNYONGSHICHANGJIZHIHEJINGJISHOUDUAN,XIYINSHEHUIZIBEN,TUIXINGDISANFANGZHILI。

  GUIMOHUADEYUNYINGMOSHI。XIANDAISHENGTAINONGYEBUTONGYUCHUANTONGSHENGTAINONGYE,XUYAOSHIDUGUIMOJINGYINGCUJINZHUANYEHUASHENGCHAN、JIYUEHUATOURUHESHANGPINHUACHANCHU,BUDUANJIANGDIDANWEIMIANJISHENGCHANCHENGBEN,BUDUANTIGAOJINGYINGZHUTIDEXIAOYIZONGLIANG。TONGSHI,NONGYESHENGTAIXITONGGEZIXITONGJIANDEGAOXIAOWUZHIXUNHUANHENENGLIANGZHUANHUANYEBIXUJIANLIZAIYIDINGGUIMOZHISHANG。CIWAI,JUYOUYIDINGGUIMODENONGYESHENGTAIDAXITONGHEJUYOUYIDINGGUIMODEGEZIXITONG,CAINENGYOUXIAODIYUDADEZIRANZAIHAI。DANGQIAN,JIANYUNONGCUNTUDIXIANZHIHUOLIYONGBUCHONGFENXIANXIANGRIYIXIANZHU,JINGYINGSHIDUGUIMODESHENGTAINONGYEYIJINGJUBEILEJIBENTIAOJIAN。YINCI,YAOJIAKUAIPEIYUXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTIZAIDUOWEIGAOXIAOSHENGTAIXUNHUANNONGYELINGYUDEJINENG,TONGSHIJIANQUANFUWUTIXI,TIGONGCONGSHIXIANDAISHENGTAINONGYEDEXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTIDESHENGCHANHESHICHANGBAOZHANG。

  

  XIANDAIHUADEKEXUEJISHU。XIANDAISHENGTAINONGYEDEHEXINZHICHENGSHIXIANDAIKEJI,JIYAOCHONGFENWAJUECHUANTONGSHENGTAINONGYEJISHUJINGSUI,YOUYAOYUXIANDAINONGYEJISHUJINXINGDUIJIEJICHENG。CHUANTONGSHENGTAINONGYEZHONGSHIZIYUAN、HUANJINGYUSHENGTAIDENEIZAIGUILV,ZUNZHONGZIRAN、SHUNYINGZIRAN、BAOHUZIRAN,QUEDIANSHIXIAOLVDI,BUNENGMANZURENMENRIYIZENGZHANGDEXUQIU。YINCI,XIANDAIGAOXIAOSHENGTAINONGYEYAOZAIWAJUECHUANTONGSHENGTAINONGYEJISHUJINGSUIDEJICHUSHANG,CAIYONGNONGYEGAOXINJISHUMIBUQIQUEXIAN。RANER,DUIYUCHUANTONGSHENGTAINONGYEJISHUYEBINGBUSHIJIANDANDENALAI,ERSHIGENJUBUTONGLEIXINGDUIJIEXINDEXUQIUJINXINGJICHENGCHUANGXIN,RANHOUZAIYUXIANDAIKEJIJINXINGERCICHUANGXIN。YINCI,YAOJIADAGUOJIAKEJIJIHUADUINONGYEZIYUAN、HUANJINGHESHENGTAIYANJIULINGYUDEZHICHI,JIAKUAIGUANJIANJISHUYANFA。YAOZAIGOUJIANGEJINONGYEZIYUAN、HUANJINGHESHENGTAILINGYUDEKEJICHUANGXINPINGTAIDEJICHUSHANG,YOUHUAKEJICHUANGXINTIAOJIAN,XINGCHENGYUYANJIURENWU、CHANYEFAZHANXIANGPEITAODEGEJU,JIAQIANGZHONGDACHENGGUOHEGUANJIANJISHUDETUIGUANGYINGYONG,JIAKUAIZIYUANJIEYUEXING、HUANJINGYOUHAOXINGHESHENGTAIBAOYUXINGNONGYEDERENCAIPEIYANGYUJIAOYUPEIXUN。

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