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DONGHONGMIN:TUIDONGHUANJINGZHILI CUJINXIANGCUNZHENXING

——第二次全国污染源普查畜禽养殖业源排放情况解读

【字体:

  QUANGUOWURANYUANPUCHASHIZHONGDADEGUOQINGDIAOCHA,SHIHUANJINGBAOHUDEJICHUXINGGONGZUO。GENJU《QUANGUOWURANYUANPUCHATIAOLI》GUIDING,GUOWUYUANJUEDINGYU2017NIANKAIZHANQUANGUOFANWEINEIDEWURANYUANPUCHA,PUCHAFANWEIBAOKUOGONGYEWURANYUAN、NONGYEWURANYUAN、SHENGHUOWURANYUAN、JIZHONGSHIWURANZHILISHESHI、YIDONGYUANJIQITACHANSHENG、PAIFANGWURANWUDESHESHI。CHUQINYANGZHIYESHINONGYEYUANDEZHUYAOWURANWULAIYUANZHIYI,TONGGUOCICICHUQINYANGZHIYEWURANYUANPUCHA,KEYIZHANGWOGEZHONGCHUQINYANGZHIFEIQIWUCHANSHENG、WURANWUPAIFANG、ZIYUANHUALIYONGDEDISHU,YOULIYUYANPANWOGUOCHUQINYANGZHIHUANJINGXINGSHI,ZHIDINGSHISHIYOUZHENDUIXINGDEFEIQIWULIYONGZHENGCEHEXINGDONGFANGAN。TONGSHI,DUIYUGAISHAN6YINONGMINDESHENGCHANSHENGHUOHUANJING、CUJINXIANGCUNHUANJINGZHILIHEXIANGCUNZHENXING、BUQIQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIDESHENGTAIHUANJINGDUANBAN,YEJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

  一、普查范围全面,体现治理成效

  GENJU《CHUQINYANGZHIYEPUCHASHISHIFANGAN》,NARUDIERCIQUANGUOWURANYUANPUCHA(YIXIAJIANCHENG“ERWUPU”)DECHUQINZHONGLEI,BAOKUOSHENGZHU、NAINIU、ROUNIU、DANJIHEROUJIDENGWUDAZHUYAOCHUZHONG,SHEJIQUANGUO2981GECHUQINYANGZHIXIAN。CICIPUCHADUI37.88WANGECHUQINGUIMOYANGZHICHANGJINXINGLERUHUPUCHA,CHOUYANGDIAOCHA6.4WANGEGUIMOYIXIAYANGZHICHANG(HU),TONGSHI,ZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEIXUANZE214GECHANPAIWUXISHUDINGWEIJIANCEDIAN,KAIZHANCHANPAIWUXISHUJIANCE。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,HESUANLEWOGUOCHUQINYANGZHIYEZHUYAOSHUIWURANWUPAIFANGLIANG,WEISHUNLIWANCHENG“ERWUPU”TIGONGLEKEKAODEBAOZHANG。

  HENGLIANGCHUQINYANGZHIYEWURANYUANPAIFANGZHUANGKUANG,ZUIZHUYAODEZHIBIAOSHIDANWEIDONGWUPAIFANGQIANGDU。GENJU《CHUQINYANGZHIYEWURANWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN》(GB18596-2001)JICHUDEGEZHONGDONGWUHUANSUANXISHU,CICIPUCHAJIANGNAINIU、ROUNIU、DANJIHEROUJIZHESUANCHENGSHENGZHUYANGZHIDANGLIANG,JIANGGEZHONGWURANWUPAIFANGLIANGCHUYIZONGDESHENGZHUYANGZHIDANGLIANG,CESUANCHUDANWEIDONGWUDEWURANWUPAIFANGQIANGDU。

  JIEGUOBIAOMING,《DIERCIQUANGUOWURANYUANPUCHAGONGBAO》SUOFUGAIDEYANGZHILIANGYUEWEI8.14YITOUZHUDANGLIANG,ER2007NIANDIYICIQUANGUOWURANYUANPUCHA(YIXIAJIANCHENG“YIWUPU”)SUOFUGAIDEYANGZHILIANGYUEWEI4.41YITOUZHUDANGLIANG;“ERWUPU”YU“YIWUPU”XIANGBI,YANGZHILIANGZENGJIALEYUE3.72YITOUZHUDANGLIANG。HUAXUEXUYANGLIANG(COD)、ZONGDAN(TN)、ANDAN(NH3-N)HEZONGLIN(TP)PAIFANGQIANGDUFENBIEWEI11.56、0.69、0.13HE0.14QIANKE/TOU,QIZHONG,COD、TNHETPPAIFANGQIANGDU,JIAO“YIWUPU”JIEGUOFENBIEJIANGDILE55.5%、67.2%HE57.9%(“YIWUPU”WEIDIAOCHACHUQINYANGZHIYEDENH3-NPAIFANGLIANG)。

  FENXIYISHANGSHUJUKEYIFAXIAN,WOGUOCHUQINYANGZHIYEWURANWUPAIFANGSHIXIANPAIFANGZONGLIANGHEDANWEIDONGWUDEPAIFANGQIANGDUSHUANGXIAJIANG,YOUQISHIDANWEIDONGWUWURANWUPAIFANGQIANGDUDAFUDUXIAJIANG。ZHEISHUOMING,WOGUOCHUQINYANGZHIFANGSHIZHUANBIAN、FEIQIWUZIYUANHUALIYONGHEWURANFANGZHIQUDELEXIANZHUCHENGXIAO。

  二、工艺升级换代,污水减量明显

  WOGUOZI2007NIANKAISHI,ZHICHIGUIMOYANGZHICHANGGAISHUICHONGQINGFENWEIGANQINGFEN,GAIWUXIANYONGSHUIWEIKONGZHIYONGSHUI,GAIMINGGOUPAIWUWEIANGUANPAIWU,JIDAJIANSHAOLECHUQINYANGZHICHANGDEWUSHUICHANSHENGLIANG。

  YIYIGENIANCHULANWANTOUDESHENGZHUYANGZHICHANGWEILI,RUGUOCAIYONGSHUICHONGQINGFEN,MEITIANCHANSHENGDEWUSHUILIANGYUEWEI120~150LIFANGMI;CAIYONGGANQINGFEN,MEITIANCHANSHENGDEWUSHUILIANGZEZHIYOU40~60LIFANGMI,WUSHUIJIANSHAOFUDUDADAO60%YISHANG。

  YIJULIANGCIPUCHASUOHUODEDEQUANGUOZHUYAOCHUQINQINGFENFANGSHISHUJU,2017NIANGUIMOZHUCHANGCAIYONGGANQINGFENGONGYIDEBILIYIJINGDADAO81%,SHUICHONGQINGFENBILIXIAJIANGZHI9%;ER“YIWUPU”JIEGUOXIANSHI,SHENGZHUGUIMOHUAYANGZHICHANGGANQINGFENDEBILIZHIYOU55%,SHUICHONGQINGFENDEBILIGAODA43%。YU“YIWUPU”XIANGBI,2017NIANCHUQINGUIMOYANGZHICHANGCAIYONGGANQINGFENDEBILIZENGJIALE26%、SHUICHONGQINGFENBILIJIANGDILE34%。ZHEI“YIZENGYIJIAN”XIANZHUJIANSHAOLEQUANGUOCHUQINGUIMOYANGZHICHANGDEWUSHUICHANSHENGLIANG,JIDATIGAOLEGUTIFENBIANSHOUJILV,CUJINLEFENFEIZIYUANHUALIYONG,JIANGDILEWURANWUPAIFANGLIANG。

  三、推进“以用促治”,污染排放减量

  SHINIANJIAN,CHUQINGUIMOBIZHONGKUAISUTIGAO。GENJUNONGYENONGCUNBUTONGJI,SHENGZHUNIANCHULAN500TOUYISHANGDEGUIMOBIZHONG,CONG2007NIANDE21.8%TIGAODAO2017NIANDE46.9%;NAINIUCUNLAN100TOUYISHANGDEGUIMOBIZHONG,CONG2007NIANDE16.4%TIGAODAO2017NIAN58.3%。SUIZHE《CHUQINGUIMOYANGZHIWURANFANGZHITIAOLI》《GUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGGUANYUJIAKUAITUIJINCHUQINYANGZHIFEIQIWUZIYUANHUALIYONGDEYIJIAN》DESHISHI,ZIYUANHUALIYONGZHENGCEZHICHILIDUJIADA,YOUXIAOTUIJINLE“YIYONGCUZHI”,SHIXIANLEFEIQIWUZIYUANHUALIYONGHEWURANJIANPAIDESHUANGYING。

  SHINIANJIAN,GUOJIAXIANHOUSHISHILEQUANGUOZHUYAOWURANWUZONGLIANGJIANPAIHUANJINGGUANLIZHENGCE(NONGYEYUANJIANPAI)、CHUQINBIAOZHUNHUAYANGZHI、QUYUSHENGTAIXUNHUANNONGYEJIANSHE、NONGYEMIANYUANWURANZHILI、DAZHONGXINGZHAOQIGONGCHENGJIANSHEXIANGMUDENG。2017NIANQI,JIADALECHUMUDAXIANCHUQINFENWUZIYUANHUALIYONGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEZHICHILIDU,3NIANLEIJIANPAIZHONGYANGZIJIN176.5YIYUAN,SHIXIANLE585GECHUMUDAXIANQUANFUGAI,TIGAOLECHUQINFENWUCHULISHESHIZHUANGBEIPEITAOLVHEZONGHELIYONGLV。

  DUIBI“YIWUPU”CHUQINGUIMOYANGZHICHANGPUCHAJIEGUOFAXIAN,2017NIAN,GUIMOHUAYANGZHICHANGJIBENSHANGPEITAOLEFENWUCHULISHESHISHEBEI,WUSHUICAIQUZIYUANHUALIYONGHEDABIAOPAIFANGFANGSHIDEYANGZHICHANGBILICHAOGUO90%,TEBIESHIGUOJIAGULIDEFENSHUIHAITIANFEILIAOHUALIYONGHEYANYANGFAJIAOSHENGCHANZHAOQILIANGZHONGZHUYAOZIYUANHUALIYONGMOSHI,HEJIZHANBIJIAO2007NIANZENGJIALE50%YISHANG。ER“YIWUPU”SHI,SHENGZHUHENAINIUGUIMOYANGZHICHANGWUSHUIWEICHULIZHIJIEPAIFANGDEYANGZHICHANGBILICHAOGUO50%,2017NIANWUSHUILIYONGDEGUIMOHUAYANGZHICHANGSHULIANGZHANBIJIAO2007NIANTIGAOLE40%,CHUQINFENWUZONGHELIYONGLVYOUYUANLAIDE50%TIGAODAOLE70%。

  YUANTOUJIANLIANGHEZIYUANHUALIYONGYOUXIAOJIANSHAOLECHUQINYANGZHIYEWURANWUPAIFANGLIANGHEPAIFANGQIANGDU。DANYUFADAGUOJIAXIANGBI,YOUYUWOGUOCHUQINYANGZHIWURANFANGZHIGONGZUOQIBUJIAOWAN,GUIMOYANGZHICHANGTEBIESHIZHONGXIAOGUIMOYANGZHICHANGFENWUCHULISHESHIYUNXINGBUWENDING、HAITIANLIYONGBUGUIFANDENGWENTIYIRANCUNZAI。TONGSHI,“ERWUPU”ZHUYAOYISHUITIWURANWUWEIZHU,DUIKANGSHENGSUHEZHONGJINSHUDENGQIANZAIDEWURANWUMEIYOUJIANCE,CHUQINFENWUZHILIRENWURENZHONGDAOYUAN。

  WEICI,JIANYICHIXUTUIJINCHUQINYANGZHIWURANFANGZHIHEZIYUANHUALIYONGGONGZUO,ZAIWURANYUANPUCHADEJICHUSHANG,DUIXIANYOUDECHANPAIWUXISHUZHONGDIANJIANCEDIANKAIZHANDAN、LINDENGMIANYUANWURANHEANQI、CHOUQIDENGCHIXUGUANCE。KAIZHANFENWUHAITIANLIYONGQUANLIANTIAOJIANCE,JIAQIANGFEIQIWUCHULILIYONGSHEBEIYANFAHETUIGUANG,JINYIBUTISHENGGUIMOYANGZHICHANGDEFENWUSHESHIZHUANGBEISHUIPING。LIZHENGDAO“SHISIWU”MO,CHUQINFENWUZONGHELIYONGLVDADAO90%YISHANG。

  (ZUOZHEXIZHONGGUONONGYEKEXUEYUANNONGYEHUANJINGYUKECHIXUFAZHANYANJIUSUOFUSUOZHANG)

  

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