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JINKE:SHENGTAIWENMINGXINSHIDAICAOYUANWEILANJIANSHESIKAO

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  ZAIWOGUOMUQU,CONGSHANGSHIJI80NIANDAICHUKAISHILUXUSHISHICAOCHANGDEJIATINGCHENGBAOZHI,CAOCHANGZHUJIANHUAFENDAOHU,CAOCHANGWEILANYESUIZHILINGXINGCHUXIAN,QIZHUYAOGONGNENGSHIHUAFENCAOYUANBIANJIE。SUIZHECHUCAOSHUANGCHENGBAODAOHUGAIGEZHUJIANSHENRU,WEIFENGCAODIDEJIACHUSHENGCHANXIAOLVHEMUHUJINGJISHOURUBUDUANZENGJIA,TUIDONGLEMUHUDUIWEILANJIANSHEDEJIJIXING。2000NIANYILAIWEILANZUOWEISHENGTAIXIUFUGONGCHENGJINRUMUHU,GUOJIAYEZENGDADUIWEILANJIANSHEDEBUTIE,ZHUBUQIDONGRU“JINGJINFENGSHAYUANZHILIGONGCHENG”“TUIGENGHAILIN(CAO)”DENGGUOJIAJISHENGTAIGONGCHENG,GONGCHENGXIANGMUSHEYOUZHUANXIANGWEILANJIANSHERENWUHEBUTIE。WEILANJIANSHEZUOWEICAODITUIHUAHUIFUBAOHUDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,TUIDONGLEMUMINDUIWEILANJIANSHEDEJIJIXINGHEZAIMUQUDEQUANMIANPUJI,WEILANFENGYUZHUJIANFAZHANWEIBEISHEHUIGONGZHONGRENKEDEHUIFUTUIHUACAOYUANSHENGQIAN、SHENGLI、ZUIWEIKEXINGDEFANGFA,NENGGENGHAODICUJINTURANGYOUJIZHIDEXINGCHENGHEJILEI,DUIDIAOJIEZHIWUZHONGQUNTEZHENG、QUNLUOJIEGOU、WUZHONGDUOYANGXING、ZHIWUQUXI、TURANGTIAOJIANHEXITONGGONGNENGDENGDUOGEFANGMIANJUYOUJIJIZUOYONG。BANSUIZHEWEILANJIANSHEFAZHANHELIYONGNIANXIANZENGJIAJIBUHELIGUODUSHIYONG,WEILANDEBIDUANYEZHUJIANTUXIAN,LIRUYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYINGXIANGLECAODISHENGTAIXITONGSHIWULIANYUSHIWUWANG,YINFAYIXILIEFUMIANSHENGTAIXUEHOUGUO。YINCI,DANGQIANSHIFOURENGRANYANYONGWEILAN,RUHEPOCHUCAOYUANWEILANKUNJU,QUEXUGENGDUOGENGHAODEKEJIZHICHENG。

  一、草原围栏封育的重要性

  WEILANFENGYUZUOWEIYIZHONGJIANDAN、YOUXIAODEZHIBEIHUIFUJISHUBEIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUTUIHUAZHIBEIHUIFUHECAOYUANGUANLILIYONGZHONG。WEILANFENGYUSHITONGGUOYIDINGDERENWEIGANYU,JIECHUSHENGCHUDECAISHI、JIANTAJIFENBIANDENGWAIJIEGANRAO,JITUIHUACAOYUANZHIBEIDEYIXIUYANGSHENGXIDEJIHUI,WEIZHIWUSHENGZHANG、FAYUHEFANZHITIGONGLEYOULITIAOJIAN,SHICAOYUANSHENGTAIXITONGZAIZISHENGENGXINNENGLIXIAJINXINGHUIFU,CUJINSHENGTAIXITONGYANTI,ZENGJIAXITONGWENDINGXING。WEILANCUOSHIJIAOQITADECAOYUANHUIFUCUOSHI(SHIFEI、BUBO、FANGENG、RENGONGCAODIDENG)JUYOUTOUZISHAO、JIANDANYICAOZUO、YISHISHIDENGYOUDIAN,YINCICHENGWEIZHIBEIHUIFUDEZHUYAOFANGSHIZHIYI。TONGGUOCAIQUWEILANFENGYUDECUOSHIKEYIZAIJIAODUANSHIJIANNEIHUIFUTUIHUACAOYUAN,CAOYUANSHENGWULIANGYEZAIDUANQIDADAOJIAOYOUZHUANGTAI,DISHANGHEDIXIASHENGWULIANGDOUMINGXIANZENGJIA,SHENGCHANLITIGAO;CAOYUANZHIBEIQUNLUOJIEGOUFASHENGXIANZHUDEBIANHUA,ZHIZHUGAODU、GAIDU、MIDUHEZHIWUZHONGLEIZUCHENGJIJIANQUNZHONGHEYOUSHIZHONGDEBILIJUNXIANZHUZENGJIA;WEIFENGCUOSHIHOUTURANGLIHUAXINGZHIYOUMINGXIANGAISHAN,TURANGTONGQIXINGHEXUSHUINENGLIZENGJIA,TURANGYOUJITAN,DANHELINDENGYANGFENZENGJIA,WEISHENGWUDEZHONGLEI、SHULIANGHEDUOYANGXINGYEMINGXIANTIGAO,JINERSHITUIHUACAOYUANSHENGTAIXITONGDEJIEGOUHEGONGNENGDEDAOJINYIBUDEGAISHANHEHUIFU,CONGERDADAOHUIFUTUIHUACAOYUANDEZUIZHONGMUDE。WEILANFENGYUDEJIEGUOSHOUCAOYUANLEIXING、TUIHUACHENGDU、WEIFENGSHIJIAN、FENGYUFANGSHIDEYINGXIANG。

  二、草原围栏封育建设的几个误区

  YISHIWEILANFENGYUBUSHIZIRANHUIFUFANGSHI,ERSHIYIZHONGRENWEIGANRAO。DUOSHURENRENWEIWEIFENGSHIYIZHONGZIRANHUIFUFANGSHI,QIWEITIANJIARENHECHULICUOSHI。DANSHIJISHANGWEIFENGWANQUANPAICHULECAOYUANSHANGDONGWUDUICAOYUANDEDIAOKONGZUOYONG。ZHEIZHONGPAICHUJIACHUYINGXIANGDEFANGSHISHIBIYINWEIZHIWUCHAOBUCHANGSHENGZHANG,DAOZHITUIHUACAOYUANDEQIANGLIEFANDAN,YINERZHANGQIWEIFENGJINMUBUSHIYIZHONGTIANRANCAOYUANDEZIRANHUIFUCUOSHI。

  ERSHIWEILANFENGYUSHIJIANDEYANZHANGDUICAOYUANHUIFUZUOYONGBUXIANZHU。ZHANGQIWEIFENGZAIDUANQINEIDUICAOYUANHUIFUQIDAOHUANJIEZUOYONG,TUANDUIZAINEIMENGGUHUNSHANDAKESHADI、HEILONGJIANGSHENGNENJIANGCAODIANCAOYUAN、NEIMENGGUDIANXINGCAOYUANHEHUANGMOCAOYUANYIJILIAOHUANGDIZHIBEIHUIFUYANJIUZHONG,CHONGFENZHENGMINGWEILANQIDAOLEJIJIDEZUOYONG,WEIFENGHOUCAOYUANTURANGDELIHUAXINGZHIDEDAOMINGXIANGAISHAN,TURANGTONGQIXINGHEXUSHUINENGLIZENGJIA,TURANGYANGFENSUIWEIFENGSHIJIANZHUNIANZENGJIA,CAOQUNGAODU、GAIDUHEZHONGQUNMIDUYOUSUOTIGAO,QIZHONGHUANGMOCAOYUAN、LIAOHUANGDIHUIFUZUIKUAI,XIAOGUOZUIWEIXIANZHU,CAOYUANHUIFUDAOYIDUONIANSHENGZHIWURUYANGCAOHEZHENMAODENGJIANQUNDEQUNLUOLEIXING,CAOYUANZENGCHANXIAOGUOMINGXIAN,ZENGCHANFUDUZAI63.5%-113.5%ZHIJIAN,SUIZHEWEIFENGNIANXIANDEYANZHANG,CHANCAOLIANGYOUZHUNIANZENGJIADEQUSHI。DANJULICAOYUANZHENGTIDEHUIFUXIANGCHASHENYUAN。WEIFENGXIASUOWEICAOYUANHUIFU,GENGXIANGZHISHIYIZHONGDUANQIFANDAN,QIDUIYUANSHENGZHIBEIDEHUIFUSUOQIZUOYONGBUDA。DAXINGTURANGDONGWUFENGFUDU、ShannonZHISHU、JUNYUNDUZHISHU、MIDU-LEIQUNZHISHU、MIDUDOUBIAOXIANWEIFENGYU19NIANYANGDIZUIGAO,FENGYU32NIANYANGDICIZHI,FANGMUYANGDIZUIDI,ERYOUSHIDUZHISHUZECHENGXIANCHUXIANGFANBIANHUAQUSHI。TURANGDONGWUDEBIANHUAZHUYAOYUFENGYUHOUTURANGLIHUAXINGZHIDEGAIBIANYOUGUAN。ERQIE,ZHANGQIWEIFENGHUIFUXIAZACAOZHANYOUJIAODAKONGJIAN,SHIYIZHONGDANCHUNFENGBIHEBUWENDINGBUWANSHANDESHENGTAIXITONG。

  SANSHIDAMIANJIYIDAOQIEDEWEIFENGHUIFUCAOYUANDETUIGUANGBULIYUCAOYUANHUIFU。TACONGGENBENSHANGGAIBIANLECAOYUANMUQUDESHENGCHANSHENGHUOFANGSHI,SHIFEICHANGYOUHAIDE。SUICHUKEJIANDEWEILAN,JIYINGXIANGLEJIAOTONGHEDONGWUDEHUODONG,YEDUICAOYUANZHIBEIDEZISHENFAZHANGUILVZAOCHENGYINGXIANG。WEILANBUJINDUIFENGGUNZHIWUQIANXICHANSHENGYINGXIANG,ERQIEYEDUIZIRANZHUANGTAIXIADEJISHA、JIXUEZAOCHENGYINGXIANG,CONGGENBENSHANGGAIBIANLECAOYUANSHENGTAIXITONGDETEZHENG。

  三、新时期草原围栏建设的建议

  DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,GUOJIADUOCITICHUSHANSHUILINTIANHUCAOXITONGZHILIDESHENGTAIWENMINGLINIAN,CAOYUANWEILANJIANSHEYEGENGYAOZUNZHONGXINSHIDAIFAZHANDEKEJIXUYAO,SHULI“WEILANWUZUI、KEXUEGUIHUA、HELISHIYONG”LIXINGSIWEI,KEXUEHUAFENTUIHUACAOYUANLEIXINGJITUIHUACHENGDU,YINDIZHIYIDIHELISHIYONGWEILAN,QUANMIANTONGCHOU“SHANSHUILINTIANHUCAO”SHENGMINGGONGTONGTIDELINIAN,DUICAOYUANWEILANJIANSHEJINXINGFENLEIFENJIGUANLI,JIANGGUOJIACAOYUANZIRANGONGYUAN、CAOYUANZIRANBAOHUQUNARUQUYUDAWEILANJIANSHEFANCHOU,GAICHEZECHE,GAIHEZEHE,JINGZHUNSHICE。KEXUEHELIDIGUIHUASHIYONGWEILAN,GAIYONGZEYONG,YONGZEHELI,YAOHUADINGZUISHAOSHIYONGMIANJI、HELISHEJIWEILANZOUXIANG、HELISHEZHIDONGWUQIANXIZOULANG,JIANLIJIANQUANCAOYUANLIUZHUAN、HEZUOJINGYING、LIANHUJINGYINGDETIZHIJIZHI,GULISHISHIMUHULIANHEJINGYINGDEWEILANCAOCHANG,DUOJUCUODUOGONGNENGXINGJIANSHEGAOZHILIANGWEILANSHENGTAIGONGCHENG,TIGAOXIANDAIHUACAOYUANGUANLIXIAOLVHEJIACHUSHENGCHANXIAOLV,TUIDONGQUYUCAOCHUKECHIXUFAZHAN,SHIXIANLVSHUIQINGSHANXIANGJINSHANYINSHANDEZHUANBIAN。(TONGXUNYUAN WULANBATEER)

  ZUOZHEXIZHONGGUONONGYEKEXUEYUANCAOYUANYANJIUSUOSUOZHANG、YANJIUYUAN

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